Measuring Structural and Psychological Empowerment in Nursing Profession: Scale Validation through Pilot Study

  • Najia Shaikh Assistant Professor, Institute of Commerce, University of Sindh, Jamshoro
  • Ashique Jhatial Professor, Institute of Commerce, University of Sindh, Jamshoro
  • Muneerudin Soomro Professor, Institute of Commerce, University of Sindh, Jamshoro
Keywords: Structural Empowerment, Psychological Empowerment, and Nursing Profession


Research in the field of the nursing profession has attained its heights, especially in the developed countries. Most of the research in this field has addressed nursing empowerment, work attitude, and organizational outcomes. This study aims to extend understanding of whether structural and psychological empowerment drive work outcomes. Thus, this study has attempted to develop and customize a scale for primary data collection. Researchers highlighted various steps of questionnaire development, data collection procedure, and establishing reliability and validity at the pilot level. These steps help researchers to ground data collection tools in extant literature. Initial findings from pilot study data are reported. Data for this study was collected through a closed-ended questionnaire by employing a convenience sampling technique from registered nurses from public-private sector hospitals in Hyderabad, Sindh. Cronbach’s alpha, mean, and corrected total-item correlation for all items are well above the threshold values. Findings of EFA shown that there are seven factors in the model. The CFA identified that every factor arises as a single factor and loads onto its construct with significant levels of indices.