Hurdles in the Transformation of Peace Process: Indicators for Universities in Pakistan

  • Farah Latif Naz PhD Scholar (Lecturer), Department of Education, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan
  • Khalid Khurshid Professor, Department of Education, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
  • Javed Iqbal Associate Professor, Department of Education, Ghazi University Dera Ghazi Khan
Keywords: Hurdles, Peace Process, Indicators, Transformation, Universities


The present article represents the most operational and implacable indicators for the transformation of peace in the universities of Pakistan. The main objective of the study is to find out the major hurdles that educational institutions are facing in the way of the development peace culture. Furthermore, this study provides the highlights for the peace development in the universities. The qualitative analysis was used to collect the opinions of the respondents. For this purpose, a semi-structured interview was designed for the public university heads/chairman of different social sciences departments. Moreover, the data were analyzed with NVIVO that used for the in-depth thematic analysis and presents in the form of a word cloud (MADQDA 18). The study findings, however, show that the universities are facing different dimensions that are related to teacher competency, student behaviors, and social influences. The study further recommended, that according to the indicators there is a need to plan flexible and operational strategies to overcome the hurdles that are creating unrest in the educational institutions, there is space to work on teachers and students relationship, develop moral and valued based class environment and involve students in creative and productive activities for the peaceful setting in the present phenomena.