Neo-Realist Paradigm and the Fragile State of Regional Cooperation in South Asia: Prospects and Challenges

  • Mr. Saqib Ullah Khan PhD Scholar, Pakistan Study Centre, University of Peshawar
  • Ms. Sabira Iqbal Lecturer, Pakistan Studies, DIPS, KUST
  • Mr. Atta Ullah Jan PhD Scholar, Pakistan Study Centre, University of Peshawar
Keywords: Regionalism, World War II, South Asia, Neo-Realist, Kenneth Waltz


Regionalism is a process of regional cooperation amongst the countries sharing a common border, common values, homogeneity of culture, and common vested interests. While the western world adopted this paradigm early after World War II in the form of the EU, South Asian Region is still deprived of such models. The establishment of SAARC in 1985 by the efforts of the late Bangladeshi President Zia-ur-Rahman although raised certain hopes of regional connectivity in South Asia still the fate of this region lingers in the sky. While using secondary sources of data collection, this paper tries to attempt the underlying challenges and the palpable prospects responsible for the better integration of this region. It further analyses the failed regional cooperation and the role of India under the assumption of the Neo-Realist Paradigm of Kenneth Waltz that emerged in late 1970.