Three-dimensional Determinants of Job Stress among Pakistani School Teachers

  • Syed Nasir Hussain Lecturer, ECE & Elementary Teacher Education Department, AIOU, Islamabad
  • Asia Zulfqar Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Uzma Shahzadi Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Sargodha, Sargodha
Keywords: Effort-Reward Imbalance, Job Demands-Control, Job Demands-Resources, Job stress, Pakistan School Teachers


This study investigates the determinants of job stress among Pakistani school teachers. It was based upon influential stress models including job control, effort-reward imbalance and workplace resources. A sample of 297 teachers teaching at different levels in both public and private schools was selected by using cluster sampling technique. The sample covered a wide range of teachers with diverse backgrounds. A self-developed questionnaire consisting of 20 items was used to collect the data. A simple linear regression was applied to analyze the data. The study found that all three factors are significant determinants of job stress among Pakistani school teachers. Job demand-control accounts for 31% of teachers’ job stress; whereas 23% and 17% of job stress is due to job demands-resources and effort-reward imbalance respectively. When all these three factors were seen collectively, they constituted 40.5% of teachers’ job stress.