Three-dimensional Determinants of Job Stress among Pakistani School Teachers
This study investigates the determinants of job stress among Pakistani school teachers. It was based upon influential stress models including job control, effort-reward imbalance and workplace resources. A sample of 297 teachers teaching at different levels in both public and private schools was selected by using cluster sampling technique. The sample covered a wide range of teachers with diverse backgrounds. A self-developed questionnaire consisting of 20 items was used to collect the data. A simple linear regression was applied to analyze the data. The study found that all three factors are significant determinants of job stress among Pakistani school teachers. Job demand-control accounts for 31% of teachers’ job stress; whereas 23% and 17% of job stress is due to job demands-resources and effort-reward imbalance respectively. When all these three factors were seen collectively, they constituted 40.5% of teachers’ job stress.