Effect of bullying behaviour on Pakistani Adolescents: Roll of self-esteem and Academic Achievements in gender Perspectives

  • Dr. Fouzia Parveen Visiting Lecturer, Department of Education, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Hina Tehreem PhD Scholar / Visiting Lecturer, Department of Education, BZU Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Qurat-ul-Ain Shams PhD Scholar, Department of Education, The Islamia University Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
Keywords: Traditional Bullying, Cyber Bullying, Depression, Anxiety, Self-Esteem, Academic Achievement.


Existing study objectives was to investigating the impact of bullying behaviour on adolescent’s self-esteem and academic achievements in gender perspectives. The population of existing research was all young people of Punjab Pakistan. The sample contained of 3200 students aged between 13 to 19 who were enrolled public schools in Punjab province, stratified sampling procedure was used. For the present research cross-sectional research and quantitative research technique was designed. To assess the face to face bullying Problem Behaviour Frequency Scale was adapted. For assessing self-esteem of adolescents Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale adopted and accessing academic achievements grades were included. The findings were analysed after data cleaning, used Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26. Regression analysis was carried out to see the sights of impact of bullying behaviour. T-Test was used to measure differences of gender differences. Pearson Moment Co relational Analysis was used to measure the effect of bullying behaviour on self-esteem and educational achievement of adolescents. The results demonstrated that majority of the respondents agreed upon that there is an impact of traditional bullying on adolescents. The results exhibited that traditiona1 bullying had a moderate corre1ation with academic achievement and self-esteem. Findings revealed that a significant difference between female and male and adolescents with regard to traditiona1 bullying. Female students indicate that their opinion is stronger with traditiona1 bullying as compared to male students. Programs for bullies must be put in place by teachers and administration in order to decrease bullying behaviour at institutions.