Pak-Iran Relations: Challenges and Expectations (2001-2012)
This paper endeavors to analyze the relations between Pakistan and Iran, during the past more than seven decades, especially after 9/11. The relations between both countries remained normal and friendly, but with a slight divergence. These relations became very critical after 9/11 due to the huge pressure of the US. There are many areas of divergence between these two countries such as the gas pipeline treaty, diplomatic support of Pakistan in the Iranian nuclear program, trade, and economic issues. In this paper, an attempt has been made to critically highlight and discuss the challenges and expectations emerging after the Islamic revolution and during 2001 to 2012. The core objectives of the study are to know about the nature of Pak-Iran relations in the past, to describe the nature of Pak-Iran relations from 2001-2012, to measure the influence of world powers on Pak-Iran relations to analyze the challenges facing both the countries, etc. Suggestions are also made to improve the relations between both Islamic republics’ countries in the region. Pakistan's and Iran’s concerns and interests are related to the new regional and international atmosphere. New problems and new opportunities have been created for both countries, affecting their bilateral and multilateral relations since the events of September 9, 2001. The two countries should devote more energy to increase their economic trade, strengthen security cooperation, and identify practical ways to cope with the problems of the region.