Role of China and Iran in Afghanistan Peace Process
China and Iran are the two important neighboring states of Afghanistan. Afghanistan shares a long border of 936 km with Iran but a small border of 76 km with China. China is the most rapidly growing economic and military power of the World with a large number of people. China has great economic, security, and political interests in Afghanistan. China is keen to get natural resources from Afghanistan. China is using regional organizations like SCO and SAARC to get closer to Afghanistan. China is trying to bring peace to Afghanistan so that Afghanistan could get economic benefits from Chinese expertise. Iran is another important state that has stakes in Afghanistan has a historical connection with Kabul. The ouster of the Taliban from power provided a chance to Iran to enhance its historical and cultural ties with Afghanistan. American presence on Iran's eastern border is a great worry for the religious-minded state of Iran. Iran has cordial relations with the Afghan government in Kabul and working on various projects in Afghanistan. Iran also has ties with hard-core militants of the Taliban. This paper highlights the relations of China and Iran with Afghanistan. This paper also shows the role of China and Iran in the Afghan peace process.