Introduction and Validation of Ethics Practices Scale (EPS) and its Application in Pakistani Higher Education

  • Dr. Syed Zubair Haider Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Training, the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Dr. Uzma Munawar Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Govt. Sadiq College Women University, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Dr. Rafaquat Ali Assistant Professor, Department of Education, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar Campus, Pakistan
Keywords: Ethics, Practices, Higher Education, Teachers, Society


The ethics among educators determine the educative standards of the institution. To clarify the present state, this paper attempted to gain a better understanding of the ethics practices of university faculty in Pakistan. This question was explored in this study by collecting data from 1200 Pakistani Higher Education students through questionnaires, administered at four public sector universities of Pakistan. Multiple analyses, CFA, EFA, correlation, and paired sample t-test were calculated to measure perspectives. Four factors, teachers-students relationship (TSR), teachers conduct towards the community (TCC), teachers and teaching profession (TTP), and teachers’ relation to colleagues and management (TCM) emerged as a result of EFA and CFA. The findings showed that the scale is a valid and reliable tool that can be used in Pakistani Higher Education. The study also highlights the need of giving specific attention to maintaining high standards of moral principles not only in higher education institutions (HEIs) but also in the society as well as a code of professional ethics that should also be made available to the faculty of HEIs to abide by them.