Psychometric Properties of the Urdu Translation of Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) in Pakistan

  • Amna Ajmal PhD Scholar, Department of Psychology, Government College University, Lahore
  • Dr. Syeda Shahida Batool Professor, Department of Psychology, Government College University, Lahore
Keywords: Mindfulness, Urdu Translation, Married couples, Pakistan


In recent times, several types of research focused on assessing mindfulness by using a variety of existing scales. Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) comes forth as a precise and comprehensive scale for measuring awareness and attention in daily life. Previously, MAAS has been translated into Spanish, French, and Chinese. Whereas, the present study examined the accuracy and effectiveness of Urdu Translation of the Mindfulness Attention Awareness scale. The triple-step translation process of Brislin was adopted by which cross-language validation and confirmatory factor analysis was done. The 15-item MAAS which was filled by 205 married couples and the findings showed a good reliability, and one-factor solution fit for MAAS was found in confirmatory factor analysis. In the evaluation of the Urdu rendition of the MAAS, it has been found that this scale emerges as an accurate and reasonable instrument to measure the level of mindfulness among Pakistani Married populace.