Determinants of Educational Exclusion of Children: A Study of Southern Punjab, Pakistan

  • Zahid Zulfiqar PhD Scholar, Department of Sociology, Government College University Faisalabad
  • Dr. Muhammad Shabbir Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Government College University Faisalabad
  • Dr. Kamran Ishfaq Associate Professor, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan
Keywords: Determinants, Exclusion of children, Education, South Punjab


The current study was conducted in the 3 Districts of Southern Punjab to analyze the parent’s attitude towards children’s education and teachers related attributes. A sample of 975 household heads were investigated through the interview schedule. It was found that due to poor socioeconomic status, parents involve their children in livestock activities due to poverty. Parents do not know the importance of education due to their illiteracy. Teachers, related issues were also explored like shortage of teachers, usage of bad language by teachers, exercise of corporal punishment, and late join of school by teachers as well.  These above issues negatively affected the educational inclusion of children in southern Punjab, Pakistan. Based on results, the researcher recommended that the government should have arranged professional and focus for the scholarships to the needy children and arrange seminars to motivate the community towards children education.