Comparative Frame Analysis of Coverage of Kashmir Conflict in Indian and Pakistani Newspapers from War/Peace Journalism Perspective

  • Dr. Bakht Rawan Associate Professor, Department of Mass Communication, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Syed Inam ur Rahman Assistant Professor, Department of Media & Communication Studies, International Islamic University (IIU), Islamabad
Keywords: Kashmir Conflict, Framing, Indian Press, Pakistani Press, War/Peace Journalism


The study analyzes press coverage of Kashmir conflict in Indian and Pakistani leading English newspapers from war/peace journalism perspective. The results show that print media of both the countries were more war-oriented than peace. They were following respective national policies in reporting the Kashmir conflict. War journalism indicators in the coverage of the conflict had outnumbered the peace-journalism indicators. The results confirm previous research studies’ findings regarding the role (negative) of national media in de-escalation of inter-state conflicts. It indicates that conventional media prioritizes coverage of possible conflict scenario in war frames and ignores peace approaches and hence fuels the conflicts further.