The Role of Procedural Justice in Connecting the Contingent Punishments and Employees Responsiveness

  • Dr. Irfan Ullah Khan Department of Public Administration, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Saqib Khan Department of Business Administration, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan
  • Hamid Khan Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan
Keywords: Contingent Punishments, Procedural Justice, Employees Responsiveness, HEIs


In contemporary leadership theories, the proposition that leaders, who employ performance-based rewards and punishment are more effective than those leaders who use rewards and punishments just as incentives. Some researchers believe that punishments act as a motivational tool to promote responsiveness and improve performances of the employees while others assume that punishments produce undesirable consequences for the institutions. Similarly, the fairness in procedures in providing punishments to employees is the phenomenon of greater importance in connecting the contingent punishments and employees’ responsiveness. Therefore, to examine these issues, in a native environment, data was collected through a structured questionnaire from employees working in higher educational institutions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The results of the study, while applying the statistical procedures, provide valuable information for the eye-openers (employees, leadership and management) of the institutions about the research issues under considerations. Together with, some recommendations, future directions and practical implications have also been offered as emerged from the results of the study.